Wednesday, January 5, 2011

The Fabric -Synthetic Fabrics


Choosing the fabric your dress ‘is made with’ is significant. This choice can make the difference in the look, comfort, durability, or practicality of the purpose of the particular article of clothing. 

Eg: Clothes you wear every day at work or your uniforms comfortable, durable, stylish, practical.

Every fabric has its own characteristics and uses. As a dressmaker it is important that you understand the characteristics of the different fabrics.

Man-made or Synthetic Fabrics

Manufactured Fabrics are usually made of filaments extruded as liquid and formed into various fibers. Because the fiber starts as a liquid, many of the fibers are colored before they become filament, thus they are difficult to dye after the fiber is woven into a fabric.

Fabric
Description
Characteristics
Fabric care
Acetate
Not a strong fiber but can be extruded into fibers of different diameter and woven into fabrics that have the luxurious look of silk but do not wear like silk. Its Soft, crisp feel and durable.
Use for Clothing, uniforms, lingerie, linings, interlinings.
does not absorb moisture readily
Dries fast and resists shrinking. This is a resilient fabric that resists wrinkling in addition to being pliable
soft with a good drape.
Caution: acetate in nail polish and nail polish remover will melt acetate as will alcohol so take care with perfumes and nail products including SuperGlue.
Acrylic
a fine soft and luxurious fabric with the bulk and hand of wool. Light weight and springy,
Used as replacement of wool.
fabric is non-allergenic
dries quickly
draws moisture away from the body and is washable.
Modacrylics are used in pile fabrics like fake fur and are more flame resistant
does not take even a moderate amount of heat.
Duoplex
Duoplex is a reversible fabric  that its shiny on one side - matte finish on the other. it’s 100% polyester non-stretch. use for bra



Jersey jacquard

Self-colored, spot effects to elaborate, multicolored all-over effects. Similar to Simplex.


Lastex
an elastic fiber made from Latex. It is most often used with other fibers to create fabrics such as Spandex and foundation garments.

deteriorate after repeated washing and drying, losing its elasticity.

Nylon
Nylon is stronger yet weighs less than any other commonly used fiber. Nylon became one of the most versatile fibers of the man-made fabrics
Use for Women's hosiery, knitted or woven lingerie, socks and sweaters.
It is elastic and resilient and responsive to heat setting.
Nylon fibers are smooth, non-absorbent and dry quickly.
Dirt doesn’t cling to this smooth fiber nor is it weakened by chemicals and perspiration.
Extensive washing and drying in an automatic dryer can eventually cause piling.
 Nylon whites should be washed separately to avoid graying.
fabric may yellow so it should be bleached frequently with sodium perborate bleach.
Nylon melts at high temperatures. If ironing is necessary, always use a low temperature on the wrong side.

Polyester
is a strong fiber that is resistant to crease and thus keeps it shape.
polyester remains a versatile and important man-made fabric. Blends of polyester give cotton a permanent press property and extend the wear of these blended garments.  manufactured in many weights including fiber-fill used in pillows and upholstery. Threads spun from, and are used extensively in home sewing and manufactured sewing.

polyester fibers are strong, wear exceptionally well.
melts at medium to high temperatures
Rayon
 from cellulose, has many of the qualities of cotton, a natural cellulose fiber. Rayon comes in a variety of qualities and weights, and can be made to resemble natural fabrics..
Technological advancemnts to the rayon process have produced high wet modulus [HWM] rayons such as lyocell and modal which makes fabric less prone to stretch when damp or wet.
Fibranne is French term for Viscose rayon.
Velvet, although made from silk, is most often produced from the rayon fiber.

is strong, extremely absorbent,
Rayon does not melt but burns at high temperatures.
Rayon drapes well, has a soft, silky hand, and has a smooth, napped, or bulky surface.
Rayon will wrinkle easily and may stretch when wet and shrink when washed
Washable rayon will state the care on the fabric label. Like silk, if you pre-wash rayon fabric prior to construction of the garment, you have a washable garment.

Simplex
is a nylon knit with a little stretch. simplex has what is called a mechanical stretch – it can stretch in every direction.


But, it also gives great support because the stretch is controlled and not overly stretchy. A simplex cup will feel like wearing a second skin because of it’s all around firm support that stretches to give your breasts a natural look.

Lycra®
Is usually combined with other fabrics such as cotton and polyester. a lightweight, breathable fabric that is comfortable and uses compression to fit closely to the body.
Lycra is known for its elasticity and form-fitting nature.
Lycra is the most popular brand of the material spandex that is often used in exercise clothing, leggings, bathing suits and socks
Lyra can be stretched up to 600%, yet still return to its original shape and size.
Non iron
Spandex
is an elastic type fiber that can be stretched many times its length and then spring back to the original length.
Spandex is used in foundation garments and hosiery.
Types of weaves have often been mistaken for types of fabrics. For example, satin is a type of weave, and does not denote fabric content. Satin is woven from silk, polyester, acetate, or even blends of fibers. Each different fiber content contributes to the hand and drape of the satin fabric also a weave that is seen in brocade, damask, and tapestry
Spandex is stronger and more durable than rubber.

Spandex is more resistant to washing, perspiration, and heat than latex.
Triacetate
is an improved acetate fabric which doesn’t melt as easier and is easier to care for.